Various restrictions have been placed since the COVID-19 pandemic in order to contain the spread of the disease, and these have affected human lives. In Malaysia, The Movement Control Order (MCO), or known as the partial lockdown, was introduced in March 2020, changing many public-sector protocols and regulations. This may have implications for neonatal and maternity care services, as well as the maternal support system. Hence, an online survey was conducted to study the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on maternal experiences and infant feeding practices. Data on feeding support and postpartum experiences were compared between mothers of infants born before MCO and during MCO. Data pre-pandemic on maternal psychological state and associated factors will also be presented, including a randomised trial of relaxation therapy during breastfeeding.
The COVID-19 pandemic can present new challenges in infant feeding practices in the form of difficulties in accessing support, emotional and mood disorders, and reduced access to food. COVID-19 movement control order (MCO) such as Large-Scale Social Restriction (Pembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar, PSBB), Restriction of Community Activities (Pemberlakuan Pembatasan Kegiatan Masyarakat, PPKM) that the Government of Indonesia implements, have led to limited access and utilization of health services and support for maternal and newborn health (MNH), nutrition services and counselling for infant and young child feeding. An online survey was conducted from November 2020 to August 2021 to assess infant feeding practices, maternal mood, sources of supports, and food security during the COVID-19 pandemic among Indonesian households having infants below 13 months of age. Descriptive data on these variables will be presented. In addition, multivariate analyses of factors associated with the infant feeding practices during the COVID-19 pandemic will be presented. Some recommendations relevant to the key findings will be proposed.